Breakthrough sheds light on cause of diabetes
One of the root causes of type 1 diabetes may need rethinking â the condition may be triggered by faulty nerves in the pancreas, a new study reveals.
Type 1 diabetes has long been described as an autoimmune disease in which the bodyâs immune system targets islet cells in the pancreas, eventually destroying their ability to produce insulin. Without insulin, the body cannot convert glucose into energy, so people with type 1 diabetes have to regularly inject themselves with insulin to survive.
However, what initiates the original attack on the pancreas had been unclear. It now seems that the nervous system may play a key role, according to researchers in Toronto, Canada. The team eliminated the disease in diabetes-prone mice by knocking out a set of faulty sensory nerves. They believe the finding could chart a new path in treatment of the disease in humans.