Friday The 13th: Superstitions History Of Friggatriskaidekaphobia
Friday The 13th: The history behind Friggatriskaidekaphobia and Triskaidekaphobia
The fear of Friday the 13th is also known as Friggatriskaidekaphobia.
friggatriskaidekaphobia, frigga meaning "Friday" and triskaidekaphobia (or paraskevidekatriaphobia) being a word derived from the concatenation of the Greek words Paraskeví (Παρασκευή, meaning "Friday"), and dekatreís (δεκατρείς, meaning "thirteen") attached to phobía (φοβία, from phóbos, φόβος, meaning "fear"). The word was derived in 1911 and first appeared in a mainstream source in 1953.
Friggatriskaidekaphobia should not be confused with Triskaidekaphobia which is a fear of the number 13.
Triskaidekaphobia:from Greek tris meaning "3," kai meaning "and," and deka meaning "10") is fear of the number 13; it is a superstition and related to a specific fear of Friday the 13th, called paraskevidekatriaphobia or friggatriskaidekaphobia.
Beyond the unpronounceable word, some believe the origins of Friday the 13th or Friggatriskaedekaphobia dates back to the 19th century. While others say it goes back to Norse mythology.
Another theory asserts the history of superstition surrounding Friday the 13th is combination of 13th being an unlucky number and Friday being an unlucky day.
- In numerology, the number twelve is considered the number of completeness, as reflected in the twelve months of the year, twelve signs of the zodiac, twelve hours of the clock, twelve tribes of Israel, twelve Apostles of Jesus, twelve gods of Olympus, etc., whereas the number thirteen was considered irregular, transgressing this completeness. There is also a superstition, thought by some to derive from the Last Supper or a Norse myth, that having thirteen people seated at a table will result in the death of one of the diners.
- Friday has been considered an unlucky day at least since the 14th century's The Canterbury Tales, and many other professions have regarded Friday as an unlucky day to undertake journeys or begin new projects. Black Friday has been associated with stock market crashes and other disasters since the 1800s. It has also been suggested that Friday has been considered an unlucky day because, according to Christian scripture and tradition, Jesus was crucified on a Friday.
Still another theory popularized by The Da Vinci Code asserts Friday the 13th as a day of superstition and bad luck dates back to the dissolution of the Knights Templar.
Katharine Kurtz in Tales of the Knights Templar (Warner Books, 1995): On October 13, 1307, a day so infamous that Friday the 13th would become a synonym for ill fortune, officers of King Philip IV of France carried out mass arrests in a well-coordinated dawn raid that left several thousand Templars — knights, sergeants, priests, and serving brethren — in chains, charged with heresy, blasphemy, various obscenities, and homosexual practices. None of these charges was ever proven, even in France
Whatever the origins of the Friday the 13th superstition it is clearly part of contemporary folklore.