Careful Treatment of Nature: Imperative From Any Angle
Australian aborigines used to believe that all things in nature - plants, rocks, streams - had special significance. This attitude would logically lead to careful treatment of nature, and it did.
The environmental science came up with similar conclusion, but from a different direction. Every species has evolved over millions of years for its place in the ecosystem; and disrupting or destroying these ecosystems ruins millions of years of evolution. From the position of environmental science, it is imperative to be careful in treatment of nature, as what is being affected is something that has taken millions of years to take effect; that one cannot recreate; and that has arrived at greater richness than anything that man has ever created.
From the Christian, Jewish, Muslim or Hindu perspective, careful treatment of nature is likewise imperative. If you believe in a creator God, then the last thing you want to do is destroy God's creation, when you are not God and cannot recreate what has been created by God. A true Christian - or Jew, or Muslim, or Hindu - would likewise be careful in his treatment of nature; and those who are not, are not being true to their creeds.
Careful treatment of nature is therefore a logical imperative for all major systems of thought: For science; for indigenous beliefs; and for God religions. The lack of such care is a mark of inadequate cognition and inadequate knowledge. Careful treatment of nature is demanded by all major systems of thought; and a person who does not practice it is wrong by any standard.