Six Penguin Species to Be Added to Endangered Species List
The Bush Administration has suggested that six species of penguins should be added to the the Engangered Species List, due to global warming in the Arctic and Antarctic.
There are nine species proposed under the act, and the US Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) has proposed that six of them are threatened with extinction and one is endangered.
The USFWS does not consider the Emperor Penguin to be threatened, as well as the Macaroni Penguin. It was determined at last year's International Penguin Conference that at least 12 of the 17 species of penguin are in serious trouble.
The service, a part of the Interior Department, proposed listing the African penguin as endangered because commercial fishing, oil pollution, declining prey and increasingly fierce predators. Five other species considered threatened are the yellow-eyed penguin, the white-flippered penguin, the Fiordland crested penguin, the erect-crested penguin, all from New Zealand, as well as the Humboldt penguin of Chile and Peru. In addition, the Southern Rockhopper penguin will be listed as threatened in part of its range in New Zealand.
"Threats to these penguin species include commercial fishing, competition for prey, habitat loss, disease, and predation," according to the USFWS.