Factors that increase your chance for type 2 diabetes
Glucose comes from the breakdown of food. It is the body’s energy source. It can be absorbed from the blood into the cells with the help of a hormone called insulin. Without insulin, glucose will build up in the blood and cause hyperglycemia (high blood sugar). At the same time, your body’s cells are starved for glucose (energy).
A lack of insulin or resistance to insulin causes diabetes. In type 2 diabetes, the body is resistant to high levels of insulin. There is plenty of insulin in the body, but the cells are unable to use it.