High Blood Pressure and Diabetic Kidney Disease
High blood pressure (hypertension) is one of the principal causes of diabetic kidney disease and kidney failure.
When blood pressure is high, there is a large amount of tension inside the blood vessels that leads to damage. These vessels may close off completely which can cause a heart attack, stroke, or kidney failure.
High blood sugar and high cholesterol can also damage blood vessels. Thus people with diabetes who also have hypertension are at especially high risk for blood vessel damage.
It usually takes years for blood vessels to completely close off and damage to blood vessels can be slowed down or reversed with treatment.