Religions: Who deserves credit for great works?
The credit for great works that get produced by people of a religion are credited to the religion. Thus, Christianity gets credit for the works of Michelangelo and Islam gets credit for the works of Rumi. I have a better explanation for these achievements.
When a vast population lives under a religion or an ideology, some of these people will be smart; some of these people will be talented; and some of these people will be good human beings. For that matter, many works of merit came out of Soviet Union as well. I do not credit these works to Communism. I credit them to the talent of Russian people, which was obvious long before there was such a thing as Communism and remains obvious now after Communism is gone.
The Middle Eastern people had literary, artistic and architectural talent long before there was Islam. Great literature, great artwork and great architecture came out of ancient Babylon, including the world's first literary epic - the Epic of Gilgamesh, which was incidentally written in female handwriting. There were just as many great works produced by Middle Eastern non-Muslims as there were by Middle Eastern Muslims. That is because the population - both pre-Muslim and Muslim - had talent for such things. And it is wrong to credit these accomplishments to Islam when equal and greater works were produced by Middle Easterners prior to Islam.
Similar is the case with Christianity and its branches, such as Catholicism. The Italian people, under the Roman Empire, produced great works as well. The only thing for which the Catholicism during Renaissance can be credited is providing an opening for these people to express their talents. Catholicism did not produce Sistine Chapel; Michelangelo did.
We of course see great works all around the world, including in such unlikely places as the Tibet and the Andes. And what all this says is that humanity has talent, not that either religion or ideology is responsible for these works. The Incas produced great works as well and did not practice Abrahamic monotheism. So did the Hindus, so did the Chinese, so did the Tibetans, so do the pagans of today.
All that can be said is that there are a lot of talented people in the world, not that any religion or ideology is responsible for their achievements. We have seen great things produced by people of all religions and ideologies. Christianity does not deserve credit for Michelangelo, and Islam does not deserve credit for Rumi. There are talented people living under these ideologies; there are talented people living outside of them. And in both cases we see great works that are attributable to the talent of the people and not to the belief system in which they partake.