Signs and Symptoms of Diabetes Mellitus
We discussed in our previous post about what exactly is Diabetes? So now lets discuss what are the main signs and symptoms of Diabetes Mellitus. How does it manifest? We know it causes derangement in sugar levels of the body. Sugar, principally Glucose is the main source of energy for our body. But both increased glucose (Hyperglycemia) and decreased glucose (Hypoglycemia) levels in blood are harmful to many organs. In Diabetes, lack of insulin causes hyperglycemia responsible for most of the signs and symptoms of diabetes. Hypoglycemia occurs in Diabetics due to medications and inappropriate dietary habits.
- Frequent urination :- Water retention is an important function of Kidney. Water retention is co-related with the absorption of glucose and sodium. In Diabetes there is excess Glucose excretion in urine, condition termed as Glycosuria. Hence there is also excess excretion of water, resulting in increased urine output known as Polyuria.
- Increased thirst :- Naturally as there is increased water loss, there is increased requirement for water consumption to avoid dehydration. It is known as Polydipsia.