Symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes starts most commonly when people are young – that is anytime between the age of 2 and 20. With Type 1 diabetes – also called insulin-dependent or juvenile diabetes – the pancreas is no longer able to produce insulin because the body’s immune system destroys, or attempts to destroy, the cells in the pancreas that produce insulin. Insulin is the hormone that allows glucose to enter the cells of the body to provide fuel. When glucose cannot enter the cells, it builds up in the blood and the body’s cells literally starve to death. Everyone with Type 1 diabetes must take daily insulin injections and regularly monitor their blood glucose levels. The cause of diabetes type 1 is unknown, but it is believed that people inherit a tendency to develop diabetes, and that viruses may be involved.