Type 1 & Type 2 Diabetes Treatment Options
All people with diabetes need to control their condition with proper diet and exercise. They also may need to measure their glucose regularly and take oral medications or insulin injections to keep blood sugar levels under control.
Type 1 Diabetes: People with type 1 diabetes must take insulin, which is the hormone they lack. Most people take several insulin injections every day or use an insulin pump—a device worn outside the body that pumps insulin through a flexible tube to a small needle inserted under the skin. The pump can be set to give small amounts of short-acting insulin continuously through the day and additional doses before meals.