Africa to Indus-Valley
Developing stone and bone tools along with invention to create Fire contributed transforming human behaviour and brain development; evolved early ancestors wander in grass lands from one place to another, Changed eating habits from mere vegetation to flesh developed hunting technique. Fire gave great cooked food improved social behaviour. First race believed to have moved some millions years ago from Africa “Homo Erectus” were not fully evolved to be as our ancestors, yet was initial stage human race migrated and settled down in Asia and other parts of the world. Homo Erectus had ability of social living and making tools from stone and bone. Homo erectus managed to survive and occupy most part of Asia, but 74000 years ago Mount Toba super Volcano erupted. 2nd kind of human race, some hundred thousands of years back during ice age Moved from Africa were Neanderthals, that followed by later generation of human species “Homo Sepians” nearly 62000 years back. Early Human migration is derived from the studies on fossils found differed from individual to individual researcher, archaeologists or researchers conducted examinations did present their result in different conditions. BBC news coverage points modern humans made tools were discovered in Arabian Peninsula were 125000 year old. It was not mass departure rather moved cautiously selecting areas where could feed and get security. Pattern of Neanderthals migration was different from all other ancient races as most fossils were discovered in Europe and some parts of America. The theory of Neanderthals did not have ability to think is something strange, may be they did not have calibre enough to imagine as homo sepians did, they developed fire, tools, and wore skins to protect from ice age cold, and ornaments (discovered in caves of France) clearly indicate as how they managed to use available resources. Nearly 5’ 3” were robust and strong well adapted to ice age. Well adapted to the environment, brain and the body shaped accordingly. These Robust and strong folks generally didn’t have to exercise brain much, the possibility could be had no competition or least. Human Genes evolve to modify to fit to survive, but takes years or even generations. Hand images were created by Neanderthals of 2 patterns, hand block printing and hand impression mouth blow spray, in the rocks and caves of Argentina, Borneo, Spain, signifies their existence in Europe, Asia and America. The genes react with us to our environment and understand by receiving signals when we experience and deal with. However, Genes have the limitation too. Neanderthals were unprepared for fast melting ice creating heat, changing environment inflicted mass riddance and remaining had to compete with better equipped.
Homo Sepians took centuries or millenniums to reach icy Europe and America, as people did not migrate just for exploring or wandering, rather, competition, natural mishaps, overpopulation and social conflicts pushed them follow tracks of animals and rivers. These Neanderthals and Homo sepians intellectually and physically were different; Homo Sepians were more advanced breed with better tools and intellect, were no match to Neanderthals. The story says Men were killed and women were abducted for sexual contact. This does not mean that all the Neanderthals vanished as a result of belligerence, many of them survived side by side of Homo Sepians and some were winners in survival war. They together had to reach agreement to survive side by side. The interbreeding gave birth to mix race of Neanderthal and Homo sepians. They succeeded where did not have competition resulted evolving social living and culture. The Aborigines are the living example of Neanderthal or mix; still survive in many parts of Indian Ocean, Europe and America. The evident example is web link has DNA test result of Australian Aborigines (Godandscience.org).