Africa to Indus-Valley (Vedic Age)
Veda is manuscript of spiritual knowledge for conducting duties: Krnvanto visvam aryam (Rgveda 9.63.5) inscribes – all of us make universe Arya, noble (Aryan), defines the meaning of Aryan as spiritually talented. In simple, Individual who is spiritually proficient and exercises in one’s life is ornamented as ‘Aryan’. “(Srimad Bhagavatam 6.16.43) defines Aryan as, na - not; vyabhicarati – fails; tava – Your; Iksa – outlook; yaya – by which; hi - indeed; abhihitah – declared; bhagavatah – in relationship with your instructions and activities; dharmah – religious principle; sthira – non-moving; cara – moving; sattva-kadambesu – among the living entities; aprthak-dhiyah – who do not consider distinctions; yam – which; upasate – follow; tu – certainly; aryah – those who are advanced in civilization.” Acharyah: Is the respectable name of scholar who is proficient to teach Vedic practice to society. Synopsis of Veda: Dharma – The sacred duties or responsibilities you are born for, Karma – To perform Dharma, Yog – Outcome from Karma you conduct. Yoga – Exercise to uplift spirituality and energy. Yogi – Person, who follows Dharma to perform Karma, the holy meaning is who gains control of mind (Yoga) for spiritual attainment. In Veda manuscript these duties are elaborated in spiritual manner so each individual understands one’s duty towards society for foundation of disciplined civilization. The Veda was not founded in a day or year or by one tribe. Contribution of most tribe’s behaviours, culture, wisdom, and experiences, including exchange of ideas with foreign connections, were involved for centuries and may be millennium. In later stage Vedas were compiled around Lord Krishna’s time by Vyasa Krishna Dwaipayana. Each Veda consists of Samhitas (hymns), Brahmanas (rituals), Aranyakas (mysticism), and Upanishads (philosophies). There were two different categories of religious ritual performers, for example; Dasa and Dasyus did not perform sacrificial rituals as urban generation Puru and allied Tribes. Non believers were followers of Lord Shiva and Aryans (modern multi-cultured urban Dravidians) followed Lord Vishnu. The situation triggered conflicts between believers and non believers, resulting war to establish religious supremacy. As both were strong enemies for each other, end result did not favour either. Either’s supremacy could have destroyed defeated rival’s shrines, faith and beliefs and influenced own culture. Together had to compromise for solutions, the Aryans began respecting Shiva Identity and Pre Vedic Dravidians did the same which retained both religions intact. However, Harappan discovery of Shiva and his bull as Harappan seal (conveyance) symbolizes how honourable Lord Shiva was in foundation of Indus civilization, which was well preserved till the end of Vedic period. The peace and stability transformed Vedic knowledge further to Vedic science included mind control, maths, and medicine. Vedas are in four versions: Rig-Veda - for praising number of Gods, Sama-Veda – Veda of sacred songs, Yajur-Veda – Mantras (incantation) sung during religious activities, Atharva-Veda – the Veda of knowledge.