Allahabad High Court Verdict Ram Janmabhoomi Babri Masjid dispute
Today the verdict has been delivered in a 60 year old court case that had divided India along religious lines and has caused many inter religious conflicts. The judgement of Allahabad high court runs into 10,000 odd pages and the entire country was on tenterhooks fearing fresh trouble if there is an adverse judgement.
As the reaction that are emerging this is not the final settlement as one of the litigants Sunni Wakf Board has decided to challenge the High Court judgement in the Supreme Court of India.
Lucknow: The Sunni Wakf Board said Thursday it will move the Supreme Court against the Allahabad High Court order dividing the disputed land in Ayodhya among three parties and said they were not going to surrender it.
"We will appeal against the division of disputed land among three parties," Board lawyer Zafaryab Jilani told reporters here. "HC's formula of one-third land is not acceptable to the Waqf Board and it will appeal against it in the apex court," he said.
It is based in Ayodhaya and is one of the 14 akharas recognized by the Akhil Bharatiya Akhara Parishad and belongs to the Vaishnava sampradaya. They are worshippers of Lord Hanuman.
The high points of this 10,000 page verdict are as follows:
1. The 2.7 acre of land has been divided into three portions; one going to Hindus (Majority religion in India) and the idols of Bhagwan Ran (Lord Ram) will remain where they are, 1/3 rd will go to Muslims - Sunni Waqf Board and third portion " Sita Rasoi" will go to Nirmohi Akhara.
- What is Nirmohi Akhara?
Nirmohi Akhara filed a suit in January 1885 with the sub-judge of Faizabad, seeking consent to construct a temple for Hindu god Ram in the area called the Ram Chabutra, adjacent to the Babri mosque.
The sub-judge held then that two large religious structures in close proximity could potentially be a threat to public order.
Permission was denied by the court, though the Nirmohi Akhara has since kept up its effort to reclaim the land and construct the temple.
2. The court has also decleared that the place in Ayodhya is the birth place of Lord Ram as claimed by Hndus.
3. Status Quo to be maintained for the next three months and post that the division will take place.
4. The Title suit of Sunni Waqf board has been quashed.
The judgement also says that the disputed building was build by Babar against the tenets of Islam and it is not a mosque and it was a dsputed building.
Question: Was the disputed building build post destruction of old structure?
Judgement is that the disputed building was build with parts of Hindu Temple, after demolishing the Hindu Temple.
The 2.7 acre land has been established as a Hindu Religious worship place. More details are awaited.
Today in the life of Mumbai and India
The city of Mumbai like the rest of the country has remained peaceful and this is the biggest news of today. Almost everyone whether political or religious was looking at the clock to understand which way the verdict will lean. Looking at the past instances of religious violence surrounding one of the oldest disputes roads and local trains in Mumabi wore a relatively deserted look right from the morning and by evening one could just breeze through the streets as most of the establishments asked their employees to reach home before the 4 PM deadline of the verdict. This reflects the intense fear and apprehension that people felt.
The spectra of violence that people felt hovering over their head translated into an eerie science that engulfed the city. Al evening traffic hot spots were an easy drive through and this was the biggest indicator of people preferring the relative safety of their homes rather then sit late in the office or travel post 5 PM. Most of the taxis preferred not to ply of the road rather than risk unforeseen consequences.
As the darkness fell over the city people were glued to their television sets trying to make sense of a 6 decade old dispute and the daily soaps for once had to give way to news channels. Ignorant of the fact that the answers reside not inside the idiot box but deep within where most of us fail to look. The increased TRPs of news channels will bear testimony to the fact that today India an emerging super power looked most venerable in a long long time.
For this day the heart of the country was not in its financial capital Mumbai or the national capital Delhi but in Ayodhya and more specifically in Allahabad where the bench of Lucknow High Court delivered the verdict. This would be one of the rare instances where matter of religion / faith was decided by the logic, rational and evidence.
The entire judgement is available here The website is experiencing exceptionally high traffic so have reproduced the issues for briefing below:
Issues for Briefing reproduced from the Allahabad High Court website:
1. Whether the disputed site is the birth place of Bhagwan
The disputed site is the birth place of Lord Ram. Place of
birth is a juristic person and is a deity. It is personified as the
spirit of divine worshipped as birth place of Lord Rama as a
Spirit of divine ever remains present every where at all
times for any one to invoke at any shape or form in accordance
with his own aspirations and it can be shapeless and formless
2. Whether the disputed building was a mosque? When
was it built? By whom?
The disputed building was constructed by Babar, the year
is not certain but it was built against the tenets of Islam. Thus, it
cannot have the character of a mosque.
3. Whether the mosque was built after demolishing a
The disputed structure was constructed on the site of old
structure after demolition of the same. The Archaeological
Survey of India has proved that the structure was a massive
Hindu religious structure.
4. Whether the idols were placed in the building on the
night of December 22/23rd, 1949?
The idols were placed in the middle dome of the disputed
structure in the intervening night of 22/23.12.1949.
5. Whether any of the claims for title is time barred?
O.O.S. No. 4 of 1989, the Sunni Central Board of Waqfs
U.P., Lucknow and others Vs. Gopal Singh Visharad and others
and O.O.S. No.3 of 1989, Nirmohi Akhara and Another Vs. Sri
Jamuna Prasad Singh and others are barred by time.
6. What will be the status of the disputed site e.g. inner
and outer courtyard?
It is established that the property in suit is the site of
Janm Bhumi of Ram Chandra Ji and Hindus in general had the
right to worship Charan, Sita Rasoi, other idols and other object
of worship existed upon the property in suit. It is also
established that Hindus have been worshipping the place in
dispute as Janm Sthan i.e. a birth place as deity and visiting it as
a sacred place of pilgrimage as of right since time immemorial.
After the construction of the disputed structure it is proved the
deities were installed inside the disputed structure on
22/23.12.1949. It is also proved that the outer courtyard was in
exclusive possession of Hindus and they were worshipping
throughout and in the inner courtyard (in the disputed
structure) they were also worshipping. It is also established that
the disputed structure cannot be treated as a mosque as it
came into existence against the tenets of Islam.
According to Bhatt, who represented the party on behalf of 'Ram Lalla', Justice DV Sharma decreed the title suit in favour of Hindus.
The High Court also dismissed the petition by Sunni Waqk Board and said that the mosque was built after demolishing a temple. Justice Khan ruled that the disputed land belonged to both the Hindus and Muslims.
The verdict was pronounced after all the litigants reached Court No. 21 of the Lucknow bench.
Barricades were erected about 200 metres from the court room and no one other than those connected with the case was allowed anywhere near the court room.
Sunni Waqf Board has said that they will appeal against the decision. All the Indian News Channels like Aaj Tak , NDTV News , India TV are covering this news without breaks. It is a big news day in India. A live feed of the Indian English news channel CNN IBN can be seen here.