Gender Based Violence and Economic deprivation in Sindh
Cases of violence against women are on a constant raise in rural flood affected areas of Sindh. In the reporting week three cases of GBV were reported from district Tando Muhammad Khan. The case of a 12 years old girl unfolds many dimensions of the whole arena. On March 14th a volunteer of local NGO informed co chair of PWG that a girl is sitting near the mosque and need help. In pursuit of the information a three member’s team of PWG arrived on the spot and took the girl to the SWD office and also reported in the nearby police station.
According to the girl, severe conflict was developed between her parents for the last six months, resulting in the separation of her parents. They were not separated through legal process but it was traditional oral divorce. Parents separated in hast and they not decided the fate of their children. After divorce both the parents were remarried to other persons and left the children on the mercy of God
The young girl’s father handed over her in the guardianship of a person of Rind community in Sumra Mahallah Tando M Khan. She lived here for few months. Her host convinced her to marry a man of 45 years. But she refused the proposal and the host started beating her. On March 14th they again severely beat the girl. On the same day she managed to run-away from the house.
The girl arrived in the main mosque of Tando Muhammad Khan. Now she was not alone , Protection working group members and DO social Mrs Shahnaz Afzal took keen interest in the case. Next day district court decided that she will go with her uncle Ghulam Rasul according to her consent.
The following points were taken from the story for further information.
• Oral divorce is a big issue throughout Sindh and worst affected of this practice are women and children. In this case there is no decision about future of the children. This is also a vital factor in the increasing ratio of early marriages.
• Police not willing to register FIR, in this regards it was suggested by the PWG members to arrange training for police.
• Due to training and awareness PWG save life of a young girl.
• Community is not aware about laws especially the law of forced marriages and child marriages.
In District Sanghar, Badin and Mirpurkhas domestic violence also increased. This region is most inhibited by the cotton growers .Mostly women are involved in harvest of the cotton crops. Last year cotton crop was destroyed by the flood and women lost their most important economic source. This economic downfall paved way for domestic conflict among families and again woman are the worst victims. One women tried to commit suicide along with her three children in distract Khairpur.