How India Will Outsmart China?
Recently an article on the Economist.com showcased two main points. India's large young population, which is the working force and democracy that is comparatively more transparency in the system and people's power will help it to overtake China in the next few years.
This is not the first time, such discussion have taken place in various forums and debates. Some believe that west is comparing India and China to introduce the fruits of rivalry and competition thus engaging them in themselves so that bourgeois Chinese economy and military poses no threats to them. While India doesn't even stand close to China in majority of things. People compare the projected future positions of India and China by analyzing the growth rate.
How China is doing good?
China with a large workforce has a policy of doing things and not just talking. China believes in more doing then just talking. And doesn't listen to those who come in between the plan. Unlike India where villagers and activists have full rights of protesting against a development of a dam or an industrial plant in their area, some are genuine, some do for money, and some do for politics.
Earning friends by helping them with its power, securing deals with other countries. Offering construction and development help in friendly countries has increased the overall image of 'Brand China'. China is successful in grabbing the deals and stakes on natural resources much before India. China has been doing good business in Africa whereas India is just starting now.
What India needs to do?
Optimist predictors believe in the few next years India will be a next China just more friendlier and open. Whereas pessimists believe India has to do a lot and such kinds of comparisons are just a public advertisement about the greatness of India. When starting a healthy discussion, one can name a long list of positive points of India which China doesn't have, but one can also name huge list of problems which India has in its system and society which again China doesn't have or have it very less compared to India.
India needs to have more stronger policy against corruption and those who corrupt the system. Tackling corruption smartly can help in many ways to decrease the inter related social evils of poverty, illiteracy, caste-ism, unemployment and health problems. Since lots of money spent by the Central government for the welfare of such people sometimes never reaches them and is eaten by others in between.
India needs to enhance its road and transport network. Majority of productive workers, officers waste their time in traffic jams caused by heavy number of cars and buses plying on the roads with animals and slow moving cycles and Rickshaws on the same lanes.
Good Foreign relations and foreign policy is required without disturbing the relations with Russia. Partnership with organizations who are willing to work for the welfare of the poor. If India can spend millions on construction and development work in Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Nepal, of course India can spend money for its own development.
Why India Still Attracts?
Like China, India also has huge workforce, cheap and skilled labours, but the major advantage Indians have is the large English speaking population. After America, population wise India is the second largest English speaking country. IT sector, software department has been so successful that now more and more companies are looking towards India for outsourcing their business. Unlike China, comparatively, India still needs lots of infrastructure development thus giving opportunity for the foreign investors to engage in such projects. While China's military and its expansion has an aggressive stance, Indian military maintains a defensive stance, which has proved to be very useful in earning trust and faith of major countries.
The writer is the author of the News Analysis and Opinion website The World Reporter