Lincoln ignited the Civil War
Is that news? The Federal Government of the USA would not and should not have tolerated southern states insistence on preserving an economy based on slavery.
Yes, Lincoln knew that the Federal Government could not appear to be the aggressor, and yes he wanted to ensure that Fort Sumter was highly defended and supplied. It was fortuitous that Sumter came under attack first, and the rest is a dragged out war between the states that lasted far longer than most thought that it would.
“Who is to blame for first shot?
Founding director of the Smithsonian’s National Museum of African American History and Culture
The notion that Abraham Lincoln purposely provoked the Civil War by attempting to resupply Fort Sumter in April 1861 became a cornerstone of the reinterpretation of the Civil War after the defeat of the Confederacy in 1865. Most notably, the memoirs of the president and vice president of the Confederate States of America, Jefferson Davis and Alexander H. Stephens, argued that Lincoln wanted war and maneuvered the Confederacy into a position where it had no choice but to attack the garrison commanded by Maj. Robert Anderson.
How Lincoln responded to the first crisis of his administration reveals a great deal about the newly inaugurated president’s political skills and the complex issues he faced during the secession crisis. One of Lincoln’s aims was to prevent the Border States from leaving the Union. He knew that if the Union undertook military action, it would be seen as the aggressor and as the initiator of a war between the states. Lincoln also worried that England or France might recognize the nascent Confederacy, especially if it was attacked by Northern forces. While Lincoln hoped to avoid war, he knew that if it came, it would be better for the Union to be seen as responding to Southern aggression.”