Mauryan Period Foundation of Indian Arcitecture
he Mauryan period is an important abacus of the Indian history because not only that for great Ashoka but also in this period foundation of Indian art and architecture were laid down, which has further mature and reach to their zenith during the golden age of Kushana and the Guptas. The mauryan wisdome has grown and flourished during the rule of great Mauryan king Ashoka which is visible in their remains.
Some of the master pieces of Mauryan art are the famous Ashokan pillars that he erected across the India. These pillars were the product of art, architecture and engineering of the Mauryan period. These pillars are generally made out of a single block of sand stone which was cut, shaped and polished by the expert craftsman. Adorning the pillar was a four lion sculpture which rested on a highly polished and chiseled capital depicting animals and flowers in between.
The special sculpture skills were required to make all this possible was indeed substantial, massive blocks of stone had to be hauled in from stone mines that were often hundreds of miles away to the destination.
In many cases they even had to haul the stone to the tops of hills. The fine chiseling works and and the lustrous polish are the marvelous examples of well developed and groomed skills in this department.