National Economic Reforms: Immigration & Homeland Security Reform
Not since the days of Ellis Island has the United States been faced with such a decisive shift in the demographics of American population. No longer is our population made up of European immigrants but rather an influx of Mexicans, Cubans and others coming from all over the world.The Hispanic population is now becoming one of the fastest growing ethnic groups. But now so many have continued to come into the United States by the avoidance of current regulations has made a very strong case to restrict, set limitations and reform our current immigration policies. This is to enforce who and how many people will be able to come into and reside in the United States. In either case the numbers that have migrated and settled into this country continues to grow.
In order of felicitate the growing numbers of immigrants and secure our boarders comes with reforming not only our immigration policies but using the Department of Homeland Security as the agency that will spear head immigration reform and secure our boarders. When the Department of Homeland Security was formed in the aftermath of 9/11 it was to become the one Federal Agency within the government that would consolidated all other intelligence agencies for the specific purpose to prevent another catastrophe like 9/11 from happening again.
With the passage of the Homeland Security Act by congress in November of 2002, the Department of Homeland Security formally came into being as a Cabinet-level department to oversee and coordinate a comprehensive national strategy to safeguard the country. In the ensuing years the Department of Homeland Security has undergone multiple reviews of their operations and procedures. This Department has then consulted public and private partners at the Federal, state, local and international levels. The outcome of these reviews was passage of the Security Accountability for the nations seaports. In essence authorized the Domestic Nuclear Detection Office and completed the reorganization of FEMA.
On October 13, 2006, Congress passed the Security Accountability for Every Port Act, or SAFE Port Act of 2006 (Public Law 109-347). The act authorized the Domestic Nuclear Detection Office (DNDO) and completed the reorganization of FEMA, transferring the Radiological Preparedness Program and the Chemical Stockpile Emergency Preparedness Program to FEMA.
The Implementing Recommendations of the 9/11 Commission Act of 2007 (Public Law 110-53) was enacted on August 7, 2007. The Act built on the Post-Katrina Emergency Management Reform Act of 2006, focusing on the reorganization of the grant process as administered by FEMA. The Act also reorganized intelligence operations at the Department, elevating the Assistant Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis to the Under Secretary level, requiring Senate confirmation. Additionally, many of the features of the new homeland security architecture align with recommendations contained in the 9/11 Commission Report. We know what has happened in the aftermath of Hurricane Sandy that the response time still was way fully slow in procuring the necessary provisions and much needed funds to properly ensure the publics safety and quick response in the rebuilding process. Again bureaucratic red tape and waffling by congress to act decisively and quickly continues to ruin the Department Of Homeland Security effectiveness.
The President’s fiscal year 2010 budget requested the transfer of the Federal Protective Service (FPS) from U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) to the National Protection and Programs Directorate (NPPD)—streamlining decision-making and aligning the protection of federal buildings with DHS’ broader critical infrastructure protection mission and the provision was included in the DHS appropriations bill President Obama signed into law on Oct. 28, 2009. It also elevated the Office of Intergovernment Programs from NPPD to a direct report to the Secretary and renamed it to the Office of Intergovernmental Affairs.
In 2010, Secretary Janet Napolitano led the completion of the first-ever Quadrennial Homeland Security Review (QHSR), which established a unified, strategic framework for homeland security missions and goals. Subsequently, DHS conducted a Bottom-Up Review (BUR) to align our programmatic activities and organizational structure to better serve those missions and goals. The QHSR reflects the most comprehensive assessment and analysis of homeland security to date. DHS worked closely with the White House, National Security Staff, other Federal departments and agencies, and our state, local, tribal and territorial partners to represent the whole-of-government approach to national security envisioned by the Administration.
Still the effectiveness of Homeland Security and current immigration policies continues to undermine our national security and our nations economy. What is needed today is a renewed set of requirements for individuals who wish to reside in the United States. We have to have the means necessary to ensure our boarders, while having the capabilities to foresee any contingency and prevent any nation, organization, or individual that would threaten our national security and economy. In the 1960's there were strict requirements for any individual that wished to gain entry and reside in the United States. We have to remember too our insatiable thirst for drugs was not as great as it is now. Whether it is heroin or marijuana the United States now is one of the leading consumers of so-called illegal drugs. The drug trade is a very significant factor to why our immigration policies continue to fall short. Protecting American lives and livelihoods while not overstepping our Constitutional rights is a balancing act our elected officials continue to either ignore or are incompetent to handle.
A universal set of immigration requirements have to be adopted as a first step in Immigration Reform. This would include implementing requirements that were enforced 50 years ago. It had moderate success then and it will have greater success now. It included all individuals who wish to reside in the US must be sponsored by a United States citizen, they must learn to read and speak English and they must have a place of employment available as well. Considering the availability of job opportunities today this last requirement would prevent many from immigrating into the US now.
To make it less desirable for individuals especially people smuggling marijuana across the Mexican boarder into the US our drug policies must change nation wide. Some states are already legalizing certain drugs particularly marijuana. It is time to legalize marijuana nation wide and put a tax on it just like alcohol and tobacco. Just think of the additional tax revenue. This alone would go a long way in supporting a single payer Universal Health Care system which by the way the United States is the only industrialized nation not having a national health care system.
In securing our boarders we already have strategically placed military bases all around the country. Some of which have been closed due to budget cuts. it seems our "Economic Wizards" in Washington continue to miss the boat when it comes to regaining forward economic momentum. To effectively encourage more economic growth and increase security around our boarders especially the Mexican boarder it is necessary to reopen those closed military bases using our returning military to assist boarder patrols in preventing unlawful entry into the United States. In defense of defense a reinstated military draft for all men and women ages 18-25 has to be a real consideration.
The Department of Homeland Security with the combined efforts of agencies under it have to work together with coordinated efforts using these updated policy changes and reforms.This will drastically reduce the chances of another terrorist attack, reduce the influx of illegal drugs, encourage more opportunities for all. We have to remember that where there exists better opportunities people will automatically try anything to get where they are. All one has to do is look south of the boarder in Mexico. The sad part now is unless the United States implements National Economic Reform's Ten Articles of confederation we too will have citizens migrate away just like the Mexicans have been doing for such a long time. Instead of America being that beacon of economic prosperity we will have succumbed to a lower common denominator. Homeland Security and Immigration reform is an internal part in preventing the United States from becoming more like a third world country.