Nepali Constituent Assembly fails to "elect" Ramraja Prasad Singh as president (updated II)
UPDATES: Despite counting with the support of the Maoist in Congress, Ramraja Prasad Singh did not gather 298 majority vote. While Prasad Singh only got 282 votes of the 594-members Constituent Assembly, his political rival Ram Baran Yadav was only four votes short a majority. According to PrInside, Prasad Singh lost the support of one of the four smaller parties at the last minute. A new presidential election will be held on Monday.
This delay in electing a President further delays the legitimation of a new government. The Prime Minister has not been formally appointed yet as there is no President. However, a Vice President was elected. Parmanandra Jha from the Madhesi People's Rights Forum got 305 votes to win the post.
Earlier version: As previously agreed, Nepali MP will "vote" today to choose Ramraja Prasad Singh as their first President ever. Even though there are two other candidates, Prassad Singh counts with the backing of the local Maoist party which controls parliament. He would take this symbolic post to perform duties previousle done by expelled King Gyanendra.
Nepal prepares to elect president
Nepal is due to elect its first president since the abolition of the Hindu monarchy earlier in the year. Members of the parliament are expected to choose Ramraja Prasad Singh, 73, in a secret ballot on Saturday.
One of his first jobs will be to swear in a prime minister for the country, which has been without a fully-functioning government since elections in April and has not issued a budget for the coming year.
Workers have been striking over fuel prices, low wages and poor working conditions. Singh is competing against two other candidates from the main parties and, if successful, will perform a largely symbolic role.
He is backed by the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), known as the Maoists, which now has the majority of seats in the 601-seat Constituent Assembly but not enough to form a government without a coalition. Singh is also backed by three smaller parties representing the Madheshi, a minority ethnic group in southern Nepal. Madheshi have been campaigning for autonomy and greater rights.
In 1985, Singh faced the death penalty for throwing small bombs at parliament and at the palace as part of an anti-royal protest. Singh was pardoned in 1990 and returned from exile in India. He has not been an active politican since. King Gyanendra came to the throne after seven members of his family were shot dead by Crown Prince Dipendra in 2001. He was told to leave the palace in May, and the 240-year-old monarchy was abolished. The president is likely to take over some of the ceremonial duties previously performed by the king. Yubaraj Ghimire, editor of Samay, said: "If the Maoists are able to secure the support of at least 72 more people, they are going to have their representative elected." "The president will accept the resignation of the [interim] prime minister and then the Maoists can form a government." No matter who wins, the head of state will be "President Ram," since all three candidates share the name of the incarnation of the Hindu god Vishnu.
The inability of the three main parties to reach a quick compromise, however, does not bode well for the two-year-old peace process, in which the former Maoist fighters put down their arms after a decade of conflict.The assembly must still draft a new constitution, decide whether and how to merge the Maoist fighters with the national army, and oversee a human rights reconciliation process. New laws can only be passed by a two-thirds vote, and the two big centrist partners in the peace deal are now lining themselves up as opposition forces. Kundan Aryal, editor of the Nepali news magazine Himal, said: "The Maoists are taking a big risk by sidelining the two other major parties at the ultimate hour."With the three parties going three separate ways, the road to the smooth functioning of the new government looks rocky." The Nepali Congress and the Communist Party of Nepal (United Marxist-Leninist), the second and third largest parties, have their own candidates for president but do not have enough votes.
Related story: Nepal might hold Presidential Election on July 19