The Nobel Peace Prize's Most Famous Omission
According to an article in Foreign Policy Magazine Premature Nobelization? 7 People Who Should Have Won, But Didn't, topping The Nobel Peace Prize's most famous ommission was Mahatma Gandhi, a pacifist and political and spiritual leader of India during the Indian independence movement. Gandhi was the pioneer of Satyagraha, resistance to tyranny through mass civil disobedience, founded upon Ahimsa or total non-violence.
Gandhi, the magazine noted "was the spiritual and political leader of the Indian independence movement and an advocate of non-violent resistance as a means to effect social change".
"History's most famous pacifist is probably the peace prize's most famous omission, and the Nobel Foundation has even a web page explaining its side of the story," it noted.
"Gandhi made the Nobel short list three times: in 1937, 1947, and then posthumously in 1948. In 1937, the committee's advisor criticised Gandhi's dual role as a peace activist and political leader of an independence movement, writing that 'he is frequently a Christ, but then, suddenly, an ordinary politician'."
As India and Pakistan achieved independence in 1947, Gandhi's crowning triumph was tempered by the violence and dislocation that resulted.
"With tensions growing in the summer of 1947, the Nobel committee hesitated to award the peace prize to someone so closely identified with one of the combatants," the magazine said.
The committee also seems to have been affected by regional and racial biases; most of the prior awards had been given to white European men, it said.
Although the committee considered awarding Gandhi the prize in 1948, following his assassination, Alfred Nobel's will clearly required that the award be given to a living person.
However, the decision to not dispense any award that year because "there was no suitable living candidate" appears to be an implicit admission that the committee missed its opportunity to recognise Gandhi's accomplishments, Foreign Policy said.
Additional reading at the Nobel Foundation, Nobelprize.org: Mahatma Gandhi, the Missing Laureate
Related NowPublic coverage The Nobel Peace Prize
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