South Asian Perspectives on Global Terrorism
Terrorism is a global concern, as elite world leaders have often stressed. No doubt it is. But perspectives to understand terrorism are different. This should be noted.
India frequently accuses Pakistan of harboring terrorism in an institutionalized manner. Pakistan frequently denies it.
The United States often accuses Iran of promoting terrorism. Iran defends itself.
The United States treats differently the countries with different ideologies.
Declaring war against UN members just because of differing ideologies cannot be considered democratic and human rights-friendly.
All those who differ from us must not be considered terrorists.
Leftists, who adopt all universal democratic principles and human rights obligations, cannot be considered terrorists since they accept the peaceful methods of politics. But barring them from the mainstream politics is forcing them to be violent.
In Nepal, previously ruling parties, who have often competed to be ultra-loyal to India and the US Administration, have not yet constructed any positive attitude towards the willingness of the ex-insurgents (Maoists) to join the mainstream peaceful politics.
After the Nepalis have elected Maoists as the largest party (beyond the expectation of status quoist parties that even did not want the constituent assembly), they have been deterred either from leading the government or remaining in the Opposition. D
There is a clear sign of war brokering in the Nepali politics. Ethical analysts should explain this well to the people.
In Nepal, former monarchists such as the Nepali Congress (NC) and the Unified Marxist-Leninist (UML) are not mentally prepared to accept Maoists as the leading force. They want the ex-insurgents to remain in subordinate positions.
But the reality is opposite. Former monarchist parties, afraid of the seastorming people standing in favor of the Maoist agenda of the constituent assembly and the republic, accepted the Maoist agenda.
The agenda stimulated millions of working class people all over Nepal to participate in the democratic movement.
The Nepalis completely rejected the status quoists' demand to restore their power. The status quoist leaderships continuously kept on requesting the former king Gyanendra to restore their posts for 42 months. They requested the people to support them in the streets. But the people refused to support them for their selfish demands.
Instead, the people supported the Maoist insurgents. This shows how keen the Nepalis are for changes. Because of people's keen desire for serious changes, the April uprising became possible in 2006.
As the Maoists set the agenda of republic in the streets, the people wholeheartedly supported it since it was exactly what they wanted. The Maoist agenda and slogans controlled the streets of Nepal. This is how Maoists entered the peaceful politics.
Since people have promoted the Maoists as the largest and time-demanded political force through the 10-April Constituent Assembly poll, they saw the possibility of conducting their politics peacefully.
No army or armed police barracks have been destroyed for two years. This is the achievement of the peace process. Nepal's armymen and policemen have taken it positively and are happy for not having to fight.
But war brokers are not happy. They are trying to stage some events to revoke war in the country. Ethical politicians, whatever ideologies they follow, should be serious enough to understand the attempts of evil forces.
Multinational politicians, please don't terrorize the people. This is the basic method of fighting terrorism. Let people freely choose their leaderships in which they have much trust. Let no sovereignty be trodden upon. This helps anti-terrorism unity be stronger.
In South Asia, where Nepal is a neighbor, corruption is the greatest terrorist. It is a multiple crime. Corrupt leaders are above the constitution and their national laws.
In this region, those who set the greatest corruption records are more likely to reach power repeatedly.
They even manipulate media and float illusive information.
In this region, only ordinary people are punished. Mostly, innocent people, because they are made escape goats to save real culprits, are punished.
Law application mechanisms in South Asia are extremely corrupt. Good laws are made but are rarely implemented. Nevertheless, only law application mechanisms cannot be blamed.
There are other factors to consider in this regard. Top political leaderships are morally unreliable. They often deviate from their previous stance.
It is definite that the US Administration cannot take control of all the political parties of the world. It is not democratic to believe that all the nations must follow what a powerful nation wants. Only certain ruling groups may follow their external dictators. For example, South Asian elites, who gathered in the Sri Lankan capital Colombo from August 2-3, repeated the slogan "terrorism".
Although they gathered there in the name of SAARC Summit (South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation), they spoke the voice of the US Administration. They repeated the slogan of war brokers.
In fact, they don't know what terrorism is and how it originates. They are just parroting. This is ironical.
Terrorism develops out of mental virus.
It is true that terrorism is a reality. Short-term as well as long-term strategies are necessary to cope with this problem.
But before designing any strategies, it is equally essential to know the original producer of terrorism.
In reality, terrorism originates from human mind. Conflict is inherent in human nature. When we do not transform conflicts, small or big, they are converted into violence or explosion. Terrorism results from the long-term avoidance of conflicts.
Conflicts are not to be avoided. They are to be transformed positively for better changes in human society.
So-called superpowers are using their money, muscle and weapons to reduce terrorism. But they have failed to do so. The reason is clear: they do not spend their resources on lessening human pain but making it further acuter. This is how terrorism grows.
Perhaps South Asians require transformative political leaderships. The peoples in the region should first try to liberate themselves from the shackles of status quoism or conservatism.
People's struggles should be focused on establishing newer leaderships that can scientifically analyze political and socio-economic issues.
So long as power-mongers rule the peoples here, poverty will be further heightened and terrorism will grow.
South Asians require such political forces that can use politics as the science of people's power.
When rulers do not misguide and betray people, who will become terrorists?
Terrorism is also a product of political dishonesty. This is a research topic especially for political scientists.
A method of reducing terrorism could be not packing all leftists forces into the packet of Osama bin Laden. How can a people-elected force be a terrorist?
May the conscience of democracy messiahs function healthily!