Sri Lankan Civil War : A historical timeline
For those of you who have not followed the conflict closely:
1948 Sri Lanka obtaining political independence 1956 "Sinhala Only Act." 1976 Formation of the Tamil United Liberation Front TULF. Founding of LTTE. 1983 Black July 1985 Peace talks between the LTTE and the government began in Thimphu. 1987 The Sri Lankan military launched “Operation Liberation.” LTTE carried out their first suicide attack:
- The Indo-Sri Lanka Peace Accord was signed.
- Arrival of Indian Peace Keeping Force (IPKF)
- Devolution of power, merger of North and East and official status Tamil language
1990 Withdrawal of IPKF (1100 deaths) Peace talks between GoSL & LTTE 1991 The assassination of ex-Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi, by LTTE. 1993 The assassination of Sri Lankan President Ranasinghe Premadasa, by LTTE. 1994 Peace talks between GoSL & LTTE 1995 GoSL & LTTE agree to a cessation of hostilities. LTTE unilatellay breaks the ceasefire. Bringing Jaffna under government control. 1998 LTTE captures Kilinochchi. 2000 LTTE captures Elephant Pass 2001 the LTTE and the government declared unilateral cease-fires The LTTE carried out a devastating suicide attack on Bandaranaike International Airport 2002 Signing of a permanent ceasefire agreement (CFA) with Norway was as mediator. 2004 Split of LTTE; Colonel Karuna pulls 5,000 eastern cadres out of the LTTE. The Indian Ocean tsunami hits Sri Lanka 2005 Mahinda Rajapaksa gets elected as the President of Sri Lanka 2006 Geneva andOslo peace talks collapse. Mavil Oya (Mavil Aru) water dispute. 2007 Military defeat of the LTTE, in Eastern province 2008 Start of Nothern offensive