Thai People Call For Interpol Arrest of Thaksin Shinawatra
200, quai Charles de Gaulle
28 th May 2010
The Thai Criminal Court has issued an arrest warrant for Thaksin on terrorism charges for allegedly involving in the red protests in Bangkok that left 88 people dead and 2,000 injured. I am writing to kindly urge you to cooperate with Thailand authority in extraditing Thaksin back to Thailand on ground of terrorism acts.
The Internaitonal Humanitarian Law specifically prohibits "measures of terrorism" and "acts of terrorism". The Fourth Geneva Convention ( Article 33 ) states that "Collective penalties and likewise all measures of intimidation or of terrorism are prohibited", while Additional Protocol II ( Article 4 ) prohibits "acts of terrorism" against persons not or no longer taking part in hostilities. The main aim is to emphasise that neither individuals, nor the civilian population may be subject to collective punishments, which, among other things, obviously induce a state of terror. Both Additional Protocols to the Geneva Conventions also prohibit acts aimed at spreading terror among the civilian population. "The civilian population as such, as well as individual civilians, shall not be the object of attack. Acts or threats of violence the primary purpose of which is to spread terror among the civilian population are prohibited" (AP I, Article 51 (2) and AP II, Article 13 (2)). IHL also prescribes the following acts, which could be considered as terrorist attacks:
1) attacks on civilians and civilian objects (Arts. 51, para. 2, and 52, Protocol I; and Art. 13, Protocol II); indiscriminate attacks (Art. 51, para. 4, Protocol I);
2) attacks on works and installations containing dangerous forces (Art. 56, Protocol I; and Art. 15, Protocol II);
3) the taking of hostages (Art. 75, Protocol I; Art. 3 common to the four Conventions; and Art. 4, para. 2b, Protocol II);
4) murder of persons not or no longer taking part in hostilities (Art. 75, Protocol I; Art. 3 common to the four Conventions; and Art. 4, para. 2a, Protocol II).
I hereby sample some of many Thaksin-funded/led Red Shirt (also known as UDD)’s activities considered as terrorism acts based on The International Humanitarian Law as above-mentioned. The following events are listed by a chronological order, provided with evidence from a variety of independent sources available to public, and numbered in brackets in accordance to the International Humanitarian Law it breaches.
February 2003: Thaksin’s War on Drugs exceeded the killing of over 600 people in one month. Both Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch expressed grave concern about the rapid rise in apparent police murders of drug suspects. Source http://stopthedrugwar.org/chronicle-old/275/thailandwar.shtml (breach of item 1).
25th October 2004: Thaksin ordered a massacre at Takbai, the Southern region of Thailand, causing thousands of deaths and ongoing conflicts. The killing drew international condemnation. See http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fk_ZEuE-70M (breach of item 1 and 3 as abovementioned).
07th Apr 2009: Red-shirt protestors attacked Thailand Prime Minister Abhisit Vejjachiwa’s car, smashing his window and threatening his life. See http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5BUuS3-qILk for reference (breach of item 1 as abovementioned).
11th Apr 2009: Red Shirt (UDD) protesters raided the venue of the ASEAN summit in Pattaya, forcing its cancellation. Prime Minister Abhisit Vejjajiva resultantly declared a state of emergency. See http://jp.reuters.com/news/video?videoChannel=2604&videoId=101851 (breach of item 1 as abovementioned).
13 th April 2009: Red shirt protesters threatened to blow up a liquid gas truck in the midst of the Din Daeng flats, Bangkok. An act could have cost hundreds of casualties.
27th Feb 2010: Red Shirt group launched granade attacks at several Thailand’s banks. Refer to http://www.bangkokpost.com/news/local/33643/banks-on-alert-after-bomb-blast (breach of item 2). On the same day, Red Shirt protestors attacked Thailand Television Station Channel 5 using m67 hand grenades (breach of item 1).
30th March 2010: An attack on the charitable foundation headed by Privy Council president Prem Tinsulanonda were carried out by Thaksin supporters using M67 hand grenades (breach of item 1).
07th April 2010: Red shirt protestors stormed the parliament using a truck to break the gates. Source http://www.asiaone.com/News/Latest+News/Asia/Story/A1Story20100407-208969.html (breach of item 2 as abovementioned International Humanitarian Law).
08 th April 2010: Armed attacks by the same group included the attacks on the New Politics Party headquarters and TPI Building in Bangkok and the attack at the party's head office on Phra Sumen Road took place. Police found 11 spent M16 cartridges, a spent M79 shell and an unexploded M79 grenade after the incidence (breach of item 2).
09th April 2010: Red-shirt protestors stormed Police Hospital. Refer to http://www.demotix.com/news/297461/red-shirt-protestors-storm-police-hospital-bangkok (breach of item 1 and 2 as above-listed).
10 th April 2010: Red Shirt protestors stormed Thailand Television station. On the same day, the government clashed with the Red Shirt Protestors. Independent investigations and witnesses ensured t here are military trained and heavily armed men within the Red Shirt Protestors. This caused casualties of both civilians and military officials. See http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MLuffqnszIY (Breach of item 1 and 4 as listed above). During this event, Red Shirt Protestors attacked a truck carrying wounded soldiers, proven as a breach of international humanitarian law. See http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LXMmQReCKVg . Later that night, the Red Shirt protestors raided Hua Chiew Hospital and Wachira Hospital in Bangkok attempting to take corpses of Red Shirt Protestors for political rally without relatives’ permission, an action which also obstructed legal investigations of the case. See http://www.bangkokpost.com/news/politics/174348/red-shirts-raid-hospital-take-bodies-of-fallen (breach of item 2 as listed above)
16 th April 2010: Red shirts bomb attacks at three high voltage electricity pylons in Ayuthaya's Bang Pa-in district were intended to plunge parts of Bangkok into darkness. See http://www.bangkokpost.com/news/security/36120/third-pylon-bombed-but-blackout-averted (breach of item 2 as above-listed). On the same day , two high-ranking officers were taken hostage by Red Shirt protesters. See http://www.news.com.au/breaking-news/world/two-police-taken-hostage-as-thai-red-shirt-protest-leader-escapes/story-e6frfkui-1225854613652 (breach of item 3).
21st April 2010: Thousands of Red Shirt protestors halted a train entering Bangkok. Source http://www.thaivisa.com/forum/Red-Shirts-Blockade-Thai-Military-T-t358129.html
23rd April 2010: Red shirt protestors attacked unarmed civilians at Silom, a commercial district in Bangkok, with four granades resulting in 3 casualities and 75 injuries. See http://www.bangkokpost.com/news/security/36462/bomb-terror-grips-silom (breach of item 1, 2, and 4 as above listed).
27th April 2010: Red shirt protesters interfered with crucial CCTV cameras and dumped car tires on the rail track of Bangkok Sky Train. This act would have caused thousands of casualties, had the railway company not found out and halted its operations in time. See http://www.ttrweekly.com/site/2010/04/bts-resumes-operations/ (breach of item 1 and 2, the elements of terrorism acts).
29th Apr 2010: More than 200 Red Shirt guards raided Chulalongkorn hospital, resulting in the evacuation of patients and caused some deaths. See http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sLq-3HtyZKs (breach of item 1, 2 and 3 as listed above).
19th May 2010: Red Shirt Protestors used small children at barricades as human shield. This act is condemned by international humanitarian institutions. See http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/worldnews/article-1278839/Thai-protesters-use-child-human-shield-country-faces-civil-war.html
On the same day, Red Shirt Protestors set fires on more than 36 important sites of Bangkok including Bangkok headquarters of Channel 3 television, where around 100 people were trapped inside. Massive fires caused the collapse of Thailand’s largest shopping mall Central World. Refer to http://www.nationmultimedia.com/home/2010/05/26/opinion/A-premeditated-plan-to-burn-Bangkok-30130187.html (breach of item 1 based on the elements of terrorism acts listed by The International Humanitarian Law). On the same day, Red Shirt Protestors attacked journalists. Reporters Without Borders condemns the violence against journalists by Red Shirt demonstrators. International law clearly states that journalists cannot be targets. Source http://en.rsf.org/a-second-journalist-killed-in-19-05-2010,37509.html (breach of item 1 as listed above). The United Nations and the U.S. officials also condemn Red Shirt’s substantial burning and looting in neighborhoods throughout Bangkok, and sporadic violence throughout the country. Gordon Duguid, the US State Department Deputy Spokesman, said "However, we are deeply concerned that Red Shirt supporters have engaged in arson, targeting the electricity infrastructure and media outlets, and have attacked individual journalists. We condemn such behavior and call on UDD [Red Shirt] leaders and affiliated opposition politicians to urge their supporters to stop such acts."
Post 19 th may 2010-today: Arsons by Thaksin red-shirted supporters spread to other parts of Thailand including Khon Kaen, Chiang Mai , Udon Thani, Mukdahan and Ubon Ratchthani. See http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fAg4e51QR1s&feature=player_embedded (breach of item 1 and 2)
In addition to these violent attacks, Thaksin supporters also set up long-term road blockages in commercial districts of Rachaprasong and Lumpini Park, and blockage of Pan Fa Bridge and roads leading to Bangkok, the capital of Thailand. These have had tremendous effect on businesses and daily lives of common people and the national economy alike. It cost Thailand the loss of billions of baht and contributed to Thai people’s increasing debt and unemployment. Thaksin supporters also attacked a number of officials’ residential homes with bombs.
Red Shirt Movement is a violent, sophisticated, armed and well-trained group. The authorities discovered piles of war weapons used by Red Shirt Protesters. Source http://www1.voanews.com/english/news/Thai-Government-Shows-Off-Red-Shirt-Weapons-Cache-94654479.html Thaksin has been found involving with these protests by means of direct funding with billions of baht transferring regularly from him to Red Shirt leaders. Connections are found between Thaksin and armed militias. He is also charged for fomenting the conflicts. Thailand’s Department of Special Investigations provided the Criminal Court documents and clips of Thaksin speaking from abroad via video link to red-shirt rallies. Much of his speech stirred up violent attacks to both officials and civilians. He has publicly expressed support for the Red Shirts' cause. Red Shirt Protestors seeking pardon for Thaksin of his corruption charge (17 th August 2009) and many pictures of Thaksin found in the Red Shirts’ camp indicate further linkages between the two parties. See http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gJNPfB4_mgs
According to the International Humanitarian Law, there is no obstacle to the fight against terrorism. Indeed, suspected terrorists can be prosecuted for acts of terrorism. The International Humanitarian Law indicates that states have the obligation and right to defend their citizens against terrorist attacks. This may include the arrest and detention of persons suspected of terrorist crimes. Such persons may be imprisoned until any sentence imposed has been served. Read the full text of the Fourth Geneva Convention . This letter lists out terrorism acts conducted by Thaksin-led and funded Red Shirt (UDD) movement. It also gathers any evidence available to the public. We will be circulating this letter for the Thai citizens to sign to show this is a true Thai voice. We believe that the work of your team and institution will serve justice to the millions of Thais affected by chaos and terrorism acts fomented and carried out by Mr. Thaksin Shinawatra. We kindly urge you to please send him back to Thailand to face his charges.
Thaksin is believed to hold passports from several countries and is based primarily in Dubai. Authorities in the United Arab Emirates have said he could remain there. Latest reports (as of 28 May 2010) indicated that Thaksin is residing in the seaside resort of Budva, in Montenegro, where he has obtained Montenegrin citizenship.
Please find attached photos of these evidences. For detailed information of Thaksin’s movements, please do not hesitate to contact me or visit http://www.facebook.com/#!/group.php?gid=109050695804673 . For official evidence of Thaksin’s investigations, please refer to Thailand’s Department of Special Investigation, Information Technology Center, 128 Moo 3 Chaengwattana Road, Thungsonghong Sub-district, Laksi District, Bangkok 10210 THAILAND
TEL. +66 2 821 9888 FAX +66 2 975 9811 http://www.dsi.go.th/eng/index.php
Miss Deekana Tipchanta
PhD in Politics and International Relations
200, quai Charles de Gaulle
On May 25, 2010, Thaksin Shinawatra, a fugitive criminal, and former Prime Minister of Thailand, was officially put on the most wanted criminal list of Thailand, and the criminal court released an arrest warrant for the conviction of this terrorist. The charge is carried out by the Department of Special Investigation, the Thai equivalent of the American FBI.
In 2007, Thaksin was convicted with numerous corruption charges and abuse of power while he was the Prime Minister of Thailand. Thaksin returned to Thailand in February 2008 to stand trial after his supportive political party, "People's Power Party", won a general election under the 2007 Constitution which had passed the national referendum.
In August 2008 after his three lawyers were found guilty of attempting to bribe in the Supreme Court for Criminal Cases of Political Post Holders and sentenced to six-month jail, Thaksin’s family was found guilty of huge tax fraud. His wife then was sentenced to two years in jail. She was released on bail. A week later, Thaksin jumped bail and fled from Thailand. The Thai criminal court has issued a criminal arrest warrant for Thaksin. The Thai government under PM Abhisit Vejjajiva has been pursuing Thaksin, but with his billions of dollars in offshore accounts, he bought illegal nationalities from other countries to seek sanctuary abroad.
From the latter half of 2008 to May 2010, in order to force amnesty for himself and to overturn his opposition party, the democratically elected Abhisit's government which has legitimately won the House of Parliament vote over Thaksin's supporting party, Thaksin conspired with his followers, the so-called "red-shirts" to try to sabotage and terrorize citizens and the government of Thailand. In April 2009 he instigated his followers to commit armed riots, street shooting, rampaging, looting, setting fire to government and private properties to force a termination of Asian Leaders summit meeting in Pattaya and the disrupt daily life in Bangkok during the same week.
In March 2010, the Supreme Court for Criminal Cases of Political Post Holders, found Thaksin guilty of abuse of power, and confiscated over 1.5 billion USD worth of assets from him.
In April and May 2010, Thaksin funded and ordered his followers to strike an all-out civil war in Bangkok and some rural provinces of Thailand, while some proxy leaders instigated, hired or lured people to rally in Bangkok to believe that they were rallying for democracy. Thaksin also hired mercenaries to carry military weapons such as AK-47 rifles, M-79 grenade launchers, M-26A grenades, molotov petrol bombs along with makeshift weapons to murder dozens of innocent civilians, five government officers, three news reporters as well as some protesters to fabricate accusations of tyranny against PM Abhisit. They also set fire to at least thirty buildings in central Bangkok which have particular importance to the country's economy. Several banks, the Stock Exchange of Thailand, several major shopping buildings and a national television channel were set ablaze by Thaksin's terrorists. Numerous military weapons have been discovered at the rally site while some multi-nationality aggressors have also been arrested.
Along with Thaksin, twenty other Thais are also charged with conspiring terrorism.
Thaksin Shinawatra, a male former policeman, was born on 26 July 1949. He has a Mongoloid-Chinese look, black eyes, black hair, approximately 170 cm in height, approximately 75 kg in weight, white-yellow complexion, and a medium-build. His Thai passports have been revoked by the Thai government, though his original Thai nationality remains intact. He may be travelling by either true or false names with a Montenegrin passport, Nicaraguan passport, Fiji passport, Cambodian passport, or Liberian passport along with those nationalities. He may travel on passport number L38RB3695 and his plane number was seen to be N300BZ. During his escape, he has been seen in those countries above, as well as in Uganda, Sri Lanka and France.
While the government of the Kingdom of Thailand is processing an official request for an international arrest warrant for this fugitive, criminal, terrorist, Thaksin Shinawatra, we the citizens of Thailand, would like to ask for your co-operation to prepare for an immediate arrest of this dangerous international terrorist.
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"Thai People request Interpol to arrest Thaksin Shinawatra"