University Of Texas Clock Tower Shooting 1st Campus Shooter, 1966
University of Texas Shooting, 1966: Gunman Charles Whitman Kills 14, injures 32
With the frightening news of a gunman (or perhaps more than one shooter) at the University of Texas it is remembering that it was a shooting incident at the University of Texas in 1966 that ushered in the grim era of the campus shooter.
On August 1, 1966 an ex-marine, Charles Whitman went on a shooting spree on the Austin campus. He sat perched inside the top of the University of Texas' Observatory or Clock Tower and methodically shot to death 14 people, injuring 32.
Three of his victims were killed inside the University's tower and ten killed from the 29th floor observation deck  of the University's 307 foot administrative building; one died a week after the shooting from her wounds. The tower massacre happened shortly after Whitman murdered his wife and mother at their homes. He was shot and killed by Austin Police Officer Houston McCoy, assisted by Austin Police Officer Ramiro Martinez.
Curiously enough the shooting rampage on the University of Texas campus and the tragic aftermath was not formally recognized by officials.
After years of neglecting to recognize the significance of the tragedy that day, by either public or private acknowledgment, the Memorial Garden was dedicated in 2006, forty years after the event, at an unknown cost and for minimal materials. After years of planning and consulting, a bronze plaque, dedicated to all who were affected, was placed near the pond.
After the shooting, the Tower observation deck was closed for two years, reopening in 1968. However, after several suicides, it was closed again in 1974 and remained closed until September 15, 1999. Access to the tower is now tightly controlled through guided tours that are scheduled by appointment only, during which metal detectors and other security measures are in place. Repaired scars from bullets are still visible on the limestone walls.