Wanted & Assassinate: al-Awlaki Muslim cleric
US Today feature a “wanted” poster for al-Awlaki, “the bin Laden of the Internet.” I had to read the story and it is a good one with details about how al-Awlaki, a US citizen of Yemen parents became educated in the US and became progressively more radical as he interpreted US military and political actions as offensive to Muslims. He became a Mulslim cleric and voiced his complaints, preaching from the Internet.
Then, his actions took a more dangerous turn as he equipped terrorists to perform acts of violence against Americans.
Evidence mounted against him to the point that he made the assassination list for the CIA.
So, I asked myself, how does a person become a Muslim cleric? Then, how is it that Muslim Clerics are permitted by a “non violent faith” to become a Muslim Cleric Terrorist?
How to become a Muslim Cleric
“To become a cleric, you need to study Quran, Prophet Hadith and Hadith Qudsi. Plus you must study, Fiqh, Sunnah, .... Normally there are limited religious universities that are accepted to graduate people who can be cleric (ex AlAzhar University in Egypt). To be graduated from there you have to pass lots of exams in different topics in religion. I cannot list all the subjects that they have to study. But I have just mentioned some above. Depending on experience, knowledge and witness, one can advance to be the head of other clerics. It should be based only on religious knowledge, experience and cleverness in analyzing situations and giving the right answer. Ayatollah is a Persian naming for head of clerics. It is not an Islamic term. But it should be referring to head of clerics.
Preachers should be first of all graduated from an accredited Islamic university as mentioned above. They are appointed by head Cleric through the religious institute in country. There are thousands of clerks so there is a religious institute (much like ministry of affairs or ministry of transportation, there is an institute dealing only with religion related matters). This institute runs religious related matter, like appointing of preachers to mosques. It should not deal with politics.
You have to keep in mind that different countries have different systems. In Iran for instance the clerics have big direct roles in politics. In other countries, clerics advise people and show them the right and wrong. They do not play any direct role in politics. People then guided by religion take their roles in politics. Keep in mind that Islam is a way of life. In a true Muslim country, cleric’s duties are to guide religious life. Tell them what is right and wrong. Then people will choose their leaders not only based on their political ideas, but most importantly on how right or wrong their political ideas from Islamic point of view. Clerics are humans, but with knowledge in Islam. I may have complicated it a bit. Let us imagine we have a nuclear scientist, people will ask him about nuclear stuff, and he would answer. He would object for instance keeping nuclear waste in town, but he would not use his power to force a certain mayor. People will have the say in which mayor they want, depending on what the mayor do and how this affect their nuclear safety and nuclear plan they have. I hope I made it more clear :) :)
Anyway, In Islam, there is head of clerics who should be selected based on knowledge. Selection is done by other clerics. I do not know much about Roman church hierarchy, so please let me know about it if you want me to answer this question.
A fatwa is much like an answer to a question related to Islam. This question is not a direct one. For instance, in Quran, hadith , hadith qudsi and sunnah, there is nothing mentioned directly that drugs are forbidden. But in quran, hadith and sunnah, it is forbidden to hurt oneself, it is forbidden to waste health and money and it is forbidden to commit suicide. A fatwa comes in a case like that to state that, drugs are forbidden as it causes all the forbidding.
The fatwa should be made only by top clerics. A fatwa should be backed up with Quran, Hadith, hadith Qudsi and sunna. Otherwise, it is not a fatwa without these conditions.”
“Muslim cleric holds 'anti-terror camps'
From Atika Shubert, CNN
August 12, 2010 9:26 a.m. EDT
Coventry, England (CNN) -- Tired of Islamic terror camps grabbing headlines, a Pakistani Muslim cleric is fighting back by holding his own "anti-terror camp."
Islamic cleric Shaykh Muhammad Tahir ul-Qadri is the man behind "Al-Hidayah," an Islamic retreat at the University of Warwick, in the UK.
He preaches peace and love and tolerance -- but not for radical extremists.
"Al Hidayah" means guidance and the three-day retreat is billed as a summer camp for Islamic learning, especially for a younger generation. This year the focus is exclusively on fighting extremism.
Ul-Qadri runs a multimedia empire that showcases his lectures in Pakistan, but in Britain he is promoting his recent fatwa on terrorism.
He issued the fatwa in March 2010 -- a 600-page religious edict that denounces terror attacks. It condemns suicide attackers to hell and disowns them from Islam.
Available online in English, Arabic and Urdu, the fatwa meticulously sources the Koran and other classical Islamic texts.
It's viewed by some as arguably the most comprehensive theological rejection of terrorism to date. Something a silent Muslim majority has long demanded, Ul-Qadri told CNN.
"The reality is that [Muslims] were waiting for a long, long time to get this kind of voice," he said.
"Their hearts had become desert and their spirits and their souls were thirsty. And unfortunately, the peaceful people are always silent. They don't create news," Ul-Qadri added.
Al-Hidayah has been running for six years in the UK. About 1,500 participants came this year, many of them teenagers from across Europe and North America.
One participant, Qazi, is from Chicago. He says the events of 9/11 left many young American Muslims in a state of confusion.
"Definitely people were getting confused, and were worrying about their identity," Qazi told CNN. "What does it mean to be a Muslim? Does it mean to do something like this?"
When Qazi heard about the fatwa on terrorism, he immediately booked a place at Al-Hidayah.
"It's really an amazing feeling to know it's official and something's happening. I just wish it could have happened a whole lot earlier," he said.
Ul-Qadri also loudly tackles women's rights among other things, saying women should be allowed to pray with men in mosques with no separation -- a point he makes with humor.
"They don't feel need of any curtain when they send [women] to market for grocery and shopping," he tells his audience at Al-Hidayah.
"No curtain there. No curtain at social gatherings. When they come to pray, a 10-foot high wall curtain is between them," he said.
It's a refreshing take on Islam for Dutch teenager Yasmin. "It's a place of being home, returning back home," she told CNN. "So if I see all those people, boys, girls, in Islamic clothes, it makes me happy, and in Holland, I miss that feeling.
"You really missed something last year because one of the lectures was about women's rights. I cried for, like, two hours," Yasmin said.
Next year, Al Hidayah will be in London and they are expecting more than 5,000 participants. Evidence, perhaps, that ul-Qadri's message is spreading.”