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Why we behave wrong with the seniors ?
akhand11 | August 7, 2009 at 11:03 pmby
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By Akhand in Bhubaneswar, India
Not only Jajati but many old person suffering such type of behavior from their blood relatives as aged people need intensive and long term care, which in turn may increase financial stress in the family. So many socio-economic, social, psychological, health problems of the elderly been arising in India because of the ageing of the population. The needs and problems of the elderly vary according to their age, health, living status and other circumstances, says Kartik Chandra Chand, the president of Gurujan Parishad, a organization working for elderly persons.
Today Indian elderly population is the second largest in the world. One out of every ten senior citizen of the word lives in India. The aged population of India which was 56.7 million in 1991, was 75 million in 2001. The population projection made by the Registrar General, India indicates that this number would be 100 million by 2016 and is expected to rise to 137 million by 2021. So the proportion of the population aged 65 and above is expected to increase from 4 percent in 1990 to 9 percent by 2030.
According to Dr. H.R. Uma, an economist professor in University of Mysore, three factors have been important in the decling mortality which has lead to increase old population. They are income growth ; improvement in the medical technology and public health program initiated by the Indian Government.
Elderly related diseases is rising sharply because treatment for non communicable disease are often expensive, there is a danger that these diseases will absorb resources needed to combat communicable diseases. “ I suffering TB from last one year. In every week I go to the Government hospital and take some medicines. But my family members are not supporting me”, says another old woman Gobari Bhoi of Orissa’s Puri district. Kalia’s family is belong to ‘Below Poverty Line’ category. Day to day expenses is managed by the daily wages by three sons of Kalia. So from what source money will expend for the treatment of old-age mother, questions Narayan Bhoi, elder son of the family.
The constitution of India in Article 41 of the Directive Principles of State Policy specifies that the state shall within the limits of its economic policy provide for assistance to the elderly. National Old age Pension Scheme (NOAP) was introduced by the Indian Government to provide Rupees 200 per month to the old destitute people. Indian Finance Minister P. Chidambaram said the government wants to double the number of present 87 lakh beneficiaries under this scheme and has asked all the states to respond positively. States will have to provide Rs.3772 crore as their share for it.
Since the elderly population is increasing and this trend will be there in future as projected by the Government agency, policy makers should be aware of the multiple problems issues related to the ageing.
(Today is World Senior citizen day)